Blog Archives

Ludwig Noiré and the Debate on Language Origins in the 19th Century

Jacopo D’Alonzo Sorbonne Nouvelle & Sapienza Università di Roma Introduction Linguistic naturalism was one of the main positions taken in linguistic research during the 19th century (for France, see Auroux 1984 and Desmet 1996; for England, see Aarsleff 1983; for

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Posted in 19th century, 20th century, Europe, History, Linguistics, Philosophy

(Non-)universality of word-classes and words: The mid-20th century shift

Martin Haspelmath Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig While looking at a range of views by grammarians on word-class distinctions (noun, verb, adjective etc.) and word division in two recent papers (Haspelmath 2011; 2012a), I was struck by what

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Posted in 20th century, History, Linguistics, Typology, Uncategorized

Bloomfield : Du mentalisme au behaviorisme

Jean-Michel Fortis Laboratoire d’histoire des théories linguistiques, Université Paris-Diderot On peut s’interroger sur l’évolution qui voit Bloomfield passer de la psychologie à dominante wundtienne, qui imprègne son Introduction de 1914, au behaviorisme, et d’une linguistique “mentaliste” à une linguistique psycho-abstinente

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Posted in 19th century, 20th century, America, History, Linguistics, Structuralism

The social cognition of linguists

Andrea C. Schalley Griffith University It is social cognition which enables us to construct functioning societies sharing knowledge, values and goals, and to undertake collaborative action. It is also crucial to empathising and communicating with others, to enriching imprecise signs

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Posted in Linguistics, Philosophy, Psycholinguistics, Sociolinguistics

No beetle? Wittgenstein’s ‘grammatical illusions’ and Dalabon emotion metaphors

Maïa Ponsonnet Australian National University and Dynamique du Langage (CNRS/Université Lyon 2) Apart from a few fruitful but pointed encounters, linguistics and philosophy of language often talk past each other. In this post, I try and establish a dialogue between

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Posted in Australia, Linguistics, Philosophy, Semantics

Linguists choosing the wrong side: Jacob van Ginneken and other alleged Nazi collaborators

Toon Van Hal University of Leuven Unlike the other posts to this blog, the present post is not intended as a contribution to learning. Its sole ambition is to open a discussion on a rather sensitive topic (which is not

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Posted in 20th century, History, Linguistics

The notion of stereotype in language study

Elena L. Vilinbakhova St. Petersburg State University 1. Introduction Originally, the word stereotype derives from two Ancient Greek roots: στερεός ‘solid’ and τύπος ‘impression’. It was first used by the French printer Firmin Didot in 1796 as a typographical term. Later,

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Posted in Linguistics, Semantics

Otto Jespersen and progress in international language

James McElvenny University of Sydney When it comes to expressing the ideas of our own day, the deficiencies of classical Latin appear with ruthless clarity: telephones and motor-cars and wireless have no room in Ciceronian Latin, and it will be

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Posted in 19th century, 20th century, History, Linguistics

Philosophy of linguistics: the phenomenological perspective

Lei Zhu Shanghai International Studies University Philosophy of linguistics is a special branch of the philosophy of science which focuses on linguistics, the scientific study of language. It was formally established in the last decades of the 20th century after

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Posted in Phenomenology, Philosophy