Marco Tamburelli & Mauro Tosco, ed. 2021. Contested Languages. The hidden multilingualism of Europe. Amsterdam : John Benjamins. Studies in World Language Problems, 8. 271 p. ISBN : 9789027208040 Publishers’ website
This is the first volume entirely dedicated to contested languages. While generally listed in international language atlases, contested languages usually fall through the cracks of research: excluded from the literature on minority languages and treated as mere ensembles of geographically defined varieties by traditional dialectology. This volume investigates the nature of contested languages, the role language ideologies play in the perception of these languages, the contribution of academic discourse to the formation and perpetuation of language contestedness, and the damage contestedness causes to linguistic communities and ultimately to linguistic diversity. Various situations and degrees of language contestedness are presented and analysed, along with theoretical considerations, exploring potential roads to recognition and issues in language planning that arise from language contestedness. Addressing the “language vs dialect” question head on, the volume opens up new perspectives that are relevant to all students and researchers interested in the maintenance of linguistic diversity.
This workshop discusses various ways in which language and the study of language figured in the global history of knowledge, from the 16th to the early 20th century. In the expanding network of mercantile, missionary, and colonial relations, language was both a vessel and a barrier for the transmission of knowledge. Moreover, languages became an object of knowledge and theory-formation in themselves, in ways that diverged from how their speakers knew their language and their world.
Our aim is to address the interrelations between these different kinds of knowledge. The emergence of the language sciences has to be understood both in relation to traditions of textual scholarship within different cultures, and to developments in other fields of science (broadly understood).
Below are two talks originally presented at the meeting of the Society for the History of Linguistics in the Pacific, December 2020, on the history of the grammatical description of Vietnamese and Chinese.
Quang Anh Le, Time-marking particles and the problem of grammatical categorisation in Vietnamese: From French colonialism to the post-Cold War era
Edward McDonald, Ma Jianzhong and the perils of being a pioneer
Knobloch, Clemens. 2020. Umfelder des Sprechens. Sprachtheoretische Versuche über das Gemeinte. Siegen: universi. 360 p. ISBN : 978-3-96182-068-9 Publisher’s website
So lange man uns nicht danach fragt, können wir mit dem Gemeinten umgehen. Wenn wir es aber explizieren oder definieren sollen, geraten wir in Schwierigkeiten. Die linguistische Semantik belehrt uns, dass es in keiner Sprache Zeichen gibt, die exakt den Zeichen einer anderen Sprache entsprechen. Sprachliche Bedeutungen sind es jedenfalls nicht, die wir meinen, sondern mit ihnen und durch sie hindurch immer etwas anderes, das selbst nicht zur Sprache gehört. Die Semantiker nennen es gern „Referenz“ und modellieren es als außersprachlichen Bezug der sprachlichen Kommunikation auf reale Dinge. Aber geht das Gemeinte wirklich auf in der Adresse eines singulären Objekts der Außenwelt? Der Band versucht, die sprach- und kommunikationswissenschaftliche Frage nach dem Gemeinten in der Tradition einer „Linguistik des Sprechens“ zu beantworten.
The Paris Graduate School of Linguistics (PGSL) is a newly-formed Paris-area graduate program covering all areas of language science. It offers a comprehensive curriculum integrating advanced study and research, in close connection with PhD programs as well as with the Empirical Foundations of Linguistics consortium. Research plays a central part in the program, and students also take elective courses to develop an interdisciplinary outlook. Prior knowledge of French is not required (except for two MA specialties: ‘Teaching French as a Foreign Language’ and ‘Signs, Discourse, Society’.)
There will be five international student scholarshipsfor 2021-2022 of 8000 euros/year for 1st or 2nd year MA students in linguistics (requirements: not having French nationality and not holding a French university degree). Depending on performance, 1st year MA students may be awarded a scholarship for their second year as well.