Recent publications in the history and philosophy of the language sciences-June 2022

Giuseppe Cosenza, Claire A. Forel, Genoveva Puskas & Thomas Robert, ed. 2022. Saussure and Chomsky. Converging and Diverging. Lausanne: Peter Lang. 172 p. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3726/b19300
Publisher’s website

Saussure and Chomsky, the two major figures in linguistics of the twentieth century and beyond, have often been compared. The collection of bilingual English and French papers of this volume offers different perspectives, defended by two generations of researchers, on what brings together and distinguishes the Saussurean and Chomskyan theories. The papers all highlight that the two theories offer points of convergence, as they are interested in the same human manifestation, while divergence emerges from the fact that they build on two different premises about the nature of their object of study. The authors do not always reach similar conclusions but offer thoughts and material that will definitely help readers form their own opinion.


Lyle Campbell. 2021. Linguist on the Loose. Adventures and Misadventures in Fieldwork. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 304 p. ISBN: 9781474494144
Publisher’s website

Lyle Campbell’s linguistic fieldwork has taken him to numerous countries, sometimes in challenging circumstances. It has led to exciting discoveries including a new language in southeastern Guatemala, a unique speech sound, unknown in any other language, in the Nivaclé language of Paraguay and Argentina, and unusual and unique features in several other languages. Along the way, he has experienced dangers and challenges, the joys and excitement of fieldwork, and encountered first-hand the importance of collaborating with indigenous groups to help document and revitalize their languages.

Written with humour, heart, and a clear dedication to endangered languages and their speakers, Lyle’s vivid memoir is a lesson not only on life in the field but on the importance of language documentation. With so many of the world’s languages being lost at an alarming rate, this remains the most compelling and urgent task for linguists now and into the future.


Manuel Sartori & Francesco Binaghi, ed. 2022. The Foundations of Arab Linguistics V. Kitāb Sībawayhi, The Critical Theory. Leiden: Brill. Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics 107. ISBN: 978-90-04-51589-5
Publishers’website

This volume contains a selection of papers presented at the Fifth Conference on the Foundations of Arab Linguistics (FAL V, Cambridge, 2018). The first part of the book deals with Sībawayhi’s Kitāb, the oldest known treatise of Arabic grammar: after providing insights on some of its specific terminology, these chapters evaluate its place as a source within the long-term tradition of grammatical studies. The second part of the book focuses on parallel developments in the Arabic grammatical theory, both in the classical and postclassical periods up to the 15th century. Some contributions also address the relationship between grammar and other disciplines, notably philosophy and Qurʾānic exegesis. As such, this volume aims to deepen our knowledge of the development of linguistic theories in the Islamicate world.


Ulrich Lins. 2022. L’espéranto, langue dangereuse. Une histoire des persécutions sous Hitler et sous Staline. Traduction coordonnée par Pierre Dieumegard. Paris: L’Harmattan. 474 p. ISBN:  978-2-343-25549-1
Publisher’s website

Aux yeux des dictatures et des idéologies fanatiques, l’espéranto est une langue dangereuse qui doit être combattue. C’est notamment le sort qu’elle a connu dans l’Allemagne nazie et dans l’Union soviétique sous Staline. L’historien allemand Ulrich Lins montre les conséquences tant de la condamnation hitlérienne de l’espéranto comme outil de la domination mondiale des Juifs, que de la liquidation par Staline du mouvement espérantiste ouvrier soviétique et de ses pratiques transnationales.
La première édition de ce livre a été publiée en Allemagne en 1988 (réimpression à Moscou en 1990) et a été traduite en sept langues. La traduction française se fonde sur la nouvelle version parue en 2016, profondément révisée et enrichie grâce aux sources devenues accessibles après la chute du mur de Berlin.


Brigid O’Keeffe. 2021. Esperanto and Languages of Internationalism in Revolutionary Russia. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. 266 p. ISBN: 9781350160651
Publisher’s website

Hoping to unite all of humankind and revolutionize the world, Ludwik Zamenhof launched a new international language called Esperanto from late imperial Russia in 1887. Ordinary men and women in Russia and all over the world soon transformed Esperanto into a global movement. Esperanto and Languages of Internationalism in Revolutionary Russia traces the history and legacy of this effort: from Esperanto’s roots in the social turmoil of the pre-revolutionary Pale of Settlement; to its links to socialist internationalism and Comintern bids for world revolution; and, finally, to the demise of the Soviet Esperanto movement in the increasingly xenophobic Stalinist 1930s. In doing so, this book reveals how Esperanto – and global language politics more broadly – shaped revolutionary and early Soviet Russia.
Based on extensive archival materials, Brigid O’Keeffe’s book provides the first in-depth exploration of Esperanto at grassroots level and sheds new light on a hitherto overlooked area of Russian history. As such, Esperanto and Languages of Internationalism in Revolutionary Russia will be of immense value to both historians of modern Russia and scholars of internationalism, transnational networks, and sociolinguistics.


Pamela Faber & Marie-Claude L’Homme. 2022. Theoretical Perspectives on Terminology. Explaining terms, concepts and specialized knowledge. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Terminology and Lexicography Research and Practice 23. vii + 598 p. ISBN: 9789027211064. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1075/tlrp.23
Publisher’s website

The aim of this volume is to provide an overview of different theoretical perspectives on Terminology, from Wüster to other initiatives that have emerged since the beginning of the 1990s. The volume also covers important topics which have significantly influenced Terminology and its evolution. These include variation, multidimensionality, conceptual relations, and equivalence, among others. The twenty-two chapters of the volume, all written by acknowledged experts in the field, explore the questions that different approaches seek to answer. They also describe the theoretical and methodological principles that were devised over the years to characterize, analyze, and represent terminological data. The semi-chronological, semi-thematic organization of chapters not only provides readers with a clear vision of the evolution of ideas in Terminology, but also gives them an understanding as to why some of these ideas were initially challenged. In addition to being accessible to readers unfamiliar with the basic theoretical principles in the field, the chapters provide a showcase of current research in the field, the challenges looming on the horizon, and finally future directions in terminological research. By bringing together work that is often disseminated in different forums and written in different languages, this volume provides a unique opportunity to look at how different theoretical approaches to Terminology offer complementary perspectives on terms, concepts and specialized knowledge, and help to further a better understanding of the complex phenomena that terminologists must successfully deal with in their work.


2022. HEL 44-1. Ordres et impératif : approches philosophiques et linguistiques. Paris: SHESL. 228 p. ISBN: 9791091587174
Publisher’s website

Hommage

Francine Mazière
Simone Delesalle (1935-2022)

Ordres et impératif : approches philosophiques et linguistiques
Dossier thématique dirigé Frédérique Ildefonse et Ziad Bou Akl

Ziad Bou Akl et Frédérique Ildefonse
Introduction

Frédérique Ildefonse
Ordres et impératif chez les stoïciens et Apollonius Dyscole

Margherita Farina
Le traitement des modes dans la tradition linguistique syriaque : l’ordre et la requête

Ziad Bou Akl
Comment bien définir un ordre ?
Abū al-Ḥusayn al-Baṣrī et al-Ghazālī au sujet de la sincérité du locuteur

Costantino Marmo
Ordonner, interdire (et permettre) dans quelques écrits logiques et théologiques du moyen âge latin (xiie-xiiie siècles)

Bruno Ambroise
L’ordre comme acte de parole : perspectives et débats pragmatiques à propos des critères de l’ordre

Varia

Fábio Fortes
“Order of Things” and “Order of Words” in Priscian: Grammatical and Logical-Ontological Arguments in the Division and Ordering of Word Classes in De Constructione (Ars GL 2, 116.9-121.15)

David Romand
La « sémasiologie » de Heinrich Gomperz : un modèle psychoaffectif de la signification et du signe linguistiques

Discussions

Franck Cinato et Anne Grondeux
À propos des Étymologies d’Isidore de Séville : la « famille espagnole » et le Liber glossarum

Lectures et critiques

James Costa
Marco Tamburelli & Mauro Tosco, éd. . Contested Languages: The Hidden Multilingualism of Europe

Nathalie Fournier et Cendrine Pagani-Naudet
Gilles Siouffi, éd. 2020. Une histoire de la phrase française des Serments de Strasbourg aux écritures numériques

Danielle Candel
Laetitia Leonarduzzi, éd. 2020. L’héritage de Jean Dubois et Françoise Dubois-Charlier. Linx 80

Ouvrages de collaborateurs d’HEL


2021. Signifiances (Signifying) 5-1. Dynamique sémiotique et linguistique des individus. ISSN 2606-0442. DOI: https://doi.org/10.52497/signifiances.v5i1
Publisher’s website

Introduction_VF_ L’argument
Robert Nicolaï, Didier Samain

Introduction_English Version_The argument
Robert Nicolaï, Didier Samain

Dynamique sémiotique, ethnométhodologie… et après ? Confrontations, synthèses et ouvertures
Robert Nicolaï

De la singularité à l’impersonnel : la constitution d’un actant collectif dans la praxis énonciative
Jacques Fontanille

Interactions socio-cognitives, mise en récit de l’historicité et conditions d’hétérogénéité ethnolinguistique : une étude de cas (mazatec, Mexique sud-oriental)
Jean-Léo Léonard

Expériences langagières réflexives dans un monde nahua divers : De la stigmatisation sociolinguistique à la dialectologie sociale appliquée
Karla J. Avilés González

Comprendre l’autre comme soi-même ? Pour un modèle médiationniste de l’intercompréhension linguistique
Vincent Nyckees

Le texte : sens et (pré)construction entre Soi et l’Autre
Georgeta Cislaru

Relationship with a semioreferential object as a predictor variable: The case of insiders’ and outsiders’ uses of “very New York” on Twitter        
Bruno Courbon, Gabriel Frazer-McKee

Hendrik Pos, la conscience linguistique et la phénoménologie du langage
Patrick Flack

Héphaïstos et Athéna
Didier Samain

Varia

Comment naissent les mots ?
Georges Bohas


Jean-Paul Bronckart & Ecaterina Bulea Brockart. 2022. Ferdinand de Saussure. Une science du langage pour une science de l’humain. Paris: Classiques Garnier. Domaines linguistiques, 20. 590 p. ISBN: 978-2-406-12925-7. DOI: 10.48611/isbn.978-2-406-12927-1
Publisher’s website

Cet ouvrage analyse les travaux que Ferdinand de Saussure a réalisés dans l’ensemble des domaines de la linguistique. Il met en évidence la profondeur des analyses et théorisations qui y sont formulées et en propose, dans une perspective saussurienne, quelques ajustements.

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